At the end of the eighteenth century there were created favorable conditions for the majority of the Serbian people with the reforms of Sultan Selim III and particularly mild administered Duke Mustafa Pasha in Belgrade pasha jurisdiction. Serbian dukes' municipality guaranteed safety for Serbs and their traditional way of life. Serbs had previously gained confidence by participating in the Austrian- Turkish war of 1788- 1791. in volunteer squads on the Austrian side. Beginning of the nineteenth century did not promise to Serbs any new rights. “Janicari” (Turkish soldiers) were back and the seduction of power of their leaders dahije meant direct involvement of the Turks in the life of the Serbian patriarchal society. Stranjakovic wrote that bad times occurred in Serbia, it was all clear when turkish soldiers on 15th December 1801. in Belgrade killed Mustafa Pasha, called "Serbian mother." After that nothing was standing in the way of tyranny. Their leaders, outlaws of imperial power, the so-called dahis great, took all the power in Belgrade pasha jurisdiction and, with the help of pirate intruders made themthem for cadi, musellim, the master some teritories, Subasi and other, putting Serbs in a completely disenfranchised, namely slavery position.
Finding themselves in a helpless position, aware that Austria after Kocina Border is in peace with Turkey and that Sultan in Istanbul could not suprpress the outlaws in this border part of Ottoman Empire, Serbs realized that it is possible either to move out from Serbia or to rise up in arms, even if it would bring only honorable death.
Turkish governors attempt with murder of prominent Serbs, known as cutting of the dukes, to prevent an uprising of oppressed plebs, which was preparing, but this act just accelerated the Serbian national uprising.