ORASAC

Origination of Orasac

panorama 6bOrašac is a young settlement, founded in the first half of the 18th century, in the time of Austrian occupation of northern Serbia (1718-1739), when Serb population was moveing in hopeing that under Christian rule will have a better life.The village is probably named after the nuts which have always been here. The region in which the village is now located was inhabited in prehistoric times as evidenced in the cave Risovaca at the entrance to Aranđelovac. The cave is the emplacement of numerous remains of life and human traces of Culture of Stone Age (paleolit about 3500- 800 BC.) Collected pottery at the site Celova Glavica in Orasac provides indications that there was a prehistoric settlement of urban type. In ancient times this was the areo of settlements of Illyrians, Thracians, Celts and Greeks which were conquested by Romans at the entrance into a New Era. Examples of money and dishes testify about Conquests , found in the villages Misaca and Banja, as well as the archaeological site of the Roman castle in the village of Stojnik. In the Middle Ages,Sumadija becames the territory of Serbian state, during the time of King Milutin and Stefan of Decani. In the nearby village Brezovac, Djordje Brankovic has built a church dedicated to the Archangel Michael in 1444. The church was rebuilt in the reign of Prince Milos in 1836. and it used to be one of the first churches in the Serbia. With the fall of the Turkish government Orasac becomes a part of Smederevo Sandzak and then becomes a part of Belgrade province. Prior to the first and second Serbian uprising Belgrade Pasha jurisdiction has 12 nahiye. Orasac, as the part of Northern Serbia by the Pozarevac peace document, became under Austrian govermnment and remained under their occupation from 1718 to 1739. After leaving of the Austrians from Serbia Turks again seduce the old division of the district.


Archives about Orasac

panorama 8The village is situated around Orasac stream. Later settlers were settled on the hills between Vrbljak and Misaca. That is why today Orasac is the village of scattered hamlets and divided into groups of houses of relatives.The main part of the village is on the way Mladenovac-Aranđelovac. During the Uprising Orašac had 30 houses and the main industry was farming. Describing Orasac in the late 19th century, Kanitz says he saw “little vineyards that are poorly in production, and historically significant oak forest, where in 15th February in 1804. a handful of courageous patriots decided to betake rebellion against Turkish bullies, destroying to the last trace”. In the area of Orasac, on the Misaca hill, as Kanitz wrote, a few centuries ago through the rock was cut the road 50 meters long, and 15 meters wide.The "lane", which people attributed to Damned Jerina, went out on a trip to the city of Smederevo up to Ostrovica likely to make it easier to connect with the surrounding mines with Danube. Kanitz further states that the “lane” was built by German miners employed in the mining of iron in Vencac mountain. Economic development of the village includes the mining, extraction of coal in mines Orasac and Vrbica at one district and Misaca which is one km away. Pits are closed in 1961. due to unprofitability. Nowadays, the main industry is farming and agriculture.

 

MARICEVIC GULLY

jaruga 2The memorial - a fountain is located at "Maricevica Gully" near the church. It was built in 1954. on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the First Serbian Uprising. The fountain is part of a larger whole in the form of retaining walls built of stone blocks. In the middle part of this memorial are three arched marble slabs. In the middle is engraved text:

AT THIS POINT ON 15TH FEBRUARY 1804. WAS BETAKEN THE FIRST SERBIAN UPRISING

predstavaThe left and right panel are carved with four lines from the famous poem "Start a rebellion on dahis". On the right side of the stone retaining wall was placed a bronze plaque with an image od Karadjordje in high relief, and with framed text SUPREME SERBIAN LEADER. Karadjordje's portrait was modeled by Raja Nikolic, a sculptor from Arandjelovac. Relief "Rebels' oath" Z. Miladinovic and M.Rajic on the occasion of two centuries of Uprising has been set by the Endowment society "First Serbian Uprising."

CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION

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Church in Orascom had been buildingfrom 1868. until 1870. It is not known who was the architect of the church. It is, by its dimensions , smaller, architecturally modest building with harmonious proportions and simple shapes. Its basic form a rectangle that iends in the east with pentagonal outside, but inside a semicircular apse and the west entrance vestibule. Over the western part is the bell tower. The arched barrel vault over which is two parted roof. The apse is covered demicalottes. The massive walls were covered inside and out with plaster and painted. Distinct artistic value makes the iconostasis, painted by Stevan Todorovic, one of the most prominent Serbian artists from the second half of the nineteenth century. The iconostasis consists of 24 icons depicting saints and scenes from the history of The New Testament. In the northern pilaster is built a memorial plaque of white marble dedicated to fallen in the Balkan wars.


oltarMemorial monument complex in Orasac complements sepulchral for Teodosije Maricevic, located in the churchyard. This Jasenica duke and merchant is well known figure in the agreement on the outbreak of uprising in 1804. He was Born in Orasac and was one of the candidates for the leaderof the uprising. On the sepulchral of reddish brown stone until 1980. there was no epitaph. Then was carved the following inscription:

 

TEODOSIJE MARICEVIC+1807.
THIS GRAVE RECONSTRUCTED HIS DESCENDANT MARKO IN 1980

MEMORIAL SCHOOL "FIRST SERBIAN UPRISING"

skola 04bMemorial School was built on the occasion of 130-anniversary of the First Serbian Uprising and has an interesting prehistory. On the eve of the first World War, the 1912. HM King Petar I visited the historic Orasac. Then he was asked by farmers for, instead of monuments of Karadjordje and rebels, to raise educational edifice. The King has promised to raise the school as soon as the memorial endowment at Oplenac got finished. What is promised is fulfilled. What promised Karadjordje's grandson , filfilled a son of King Peter, King Alexander I of Yugoslavia.
karmeloBy his order in 1923. was found the committee for memorial school construction. The whole kingdom participated in the construction of this beautiful building, which is the work of architect Petar Gaici. Kong gave the first item of 100,000 dinars and The Danube Banovina has provided 800,000 dinars. Orašac villagers gave labor and collected 300,000 dinars. School foundations were sanctified 1927. and construction, led by G.D.Airović Aranđelovac Italian from Palermo, who remained in the country of their captivity, was completed in 1932.That school was built as a monument to whose construction has invested about 2 million dinars.

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Consecration ceremonyof the school, at 15th February 1933., which was performed, in the name of His Holiness Patriarch Varnava, by vicar Mr.Tihon, was attended by HMKing Alexander I of Yugoslavia. It was a large popular festivities in honor of the great Supreme Leader and his fellow soldiers. School consists of two floors. It is built of granite blocks nicely processed and with extreme precision. Arched windows, some of which are trifoli insight, with well-treated columns, and a host of other distinctive elements and processed an average of detail, giving school buildings look nicely shaped, which is characterized by dynamism and stylistic unity.

Above the door, on a marble board is engraved text that reads:

NATIONAL SCHOOL - MEMORIAL TO UPRISING UNDER KARADJORDJE'S LEADERSHIP IN ORASAC. GRATEFUL SUMADIJA BUILTED THIS HOME FOR MEMORIAL AND GLORY OF KARADJORDJE AND OTHER MANY LAUDABLE ANCESTORS THAT ROSE UPRISING IN 1804. ON THIS SITE AND STARTED GREAT WORK OF NATIONAL LIBERATION AND UNITY

FIRST SERBIAN UPRISING MUSEUM

skulptura 2krstMuseum in Orasac was opened in the year marking the 200th anniversary of the First Serbian Uprising. The exhibition of Historical Museum of Serbia shows Serbia before Uprising, the beginings of Uprising and choir in Orasac, than Karadjordje Petrovic, great battles of the uprising, the military organisation, governmental organisation in Serbia from 1804. to 1813. education of uprised Serbia and military collapse of the uprising in 1813.Museum in Orasac was opened in the year marking the 200th anniversary of the First Serbian Uprising. The exhibition of Historical Museum of Serbia shows Serbia before Uprising, the beginings of Uprising and choir in Orasac, than Karadjordje Petrovic, great battles of the uprising, the military organisation, governmental organisation in Serbia from 1804. to 1813. education of uprised Serbia and military collapse of the uprising in 1813.

Karadjordje monument - on the 200th anniversary of the First Serbian Uprising, the Municipality of Arandjelovac erected a monument to Karadjordje in white Vencac's marble, height 3.40 m, the work of sculptor Drinka Radovanovic The monument was placed in front of a school. (right)

PROTECTED AREA

panorama 9 Protection and arrangement of parts of Orasac villae, the area in whish were held an agreement to start a rebellion in 1803., than The Assembly for the beginning of the First Serbian Uprising in 1804. and the first act of burning Turkish han in 1804., started in late sixties of 20th century.

in 1968. - Republic Institute for Nature Protection carried out a survey of all the natural conditions of the area in which these events were held. The space includes three protection zones in the area of 39.71 hectares. Council for Urban Development and Municipal Services Program has adopted the study.

in 1969. - By the Decision No. 01-06 of 26.12.1969.General design of spatial natural memorial monument "Orašac" was prepared by the Institute for Nature Protection.

in 1970. - With document No. 03-6\25 of 14.04.1970. Council for Culture of Arandjelovac put, under state protection, part of the village Orasac as natural physical memorial monument.

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in 1979. - Republic Institute for Cultural Monuments Protection, on the basis of preliminary researches and The Law on the Protection of Cultural Goods, declared part of the Orasac village to notably sight. Assembly of the Republic of Serbia and the community Culture Council decisions declared complex Orasac as sights of great importance (Sl.Gl.br.14/79).

in 1980. - The decision No. 03-06/25 1980. is reached for implementation of protection measures.

in 1983. - Institute for Cultural Monuments Protection in Kragujevac formed draft Decision on proclamation of Orasac famous for cultural property, adopted by the Assembly of Arandjelovac No. 06-148/1983 the surface of 68.90.22 hectares, which divided the narrow space and wider zoneof protection.
"Infoplan" from Arandjelovac in cooperation with the Institute for Protection of Cultural Heritage in Kragujevac and the Republic Institute for Nature Protection, access the Spatial plan of special purpose spaces for notably sight "Orašac", which was adopted by the Municipality of Aranđelovac, defended the Republic Commission for Urban Planning and placed in front of the Serbian parliament for adoption.
This planning document is scheduled to area known as “Celova glavica” for central monument dedicated to the First Serbian Uprising as protected zone "A", which includes the area Maricevica gully with a memorial fountain built in 1954., the church built 1868 -1870, Memorial School 1932., tomb of Teodosije Maricevic (moved to cortyard of the church), village semetery, Jakovljevic's and Marko Savic's homestead, and zone “B” as wider zone od protection which includes areas around zone “A” with less strict protection.

SOME OBJECTS BUILT IN ORASAC

kuca jakovljevicaJakovljevic's homestead
The plan is:
- to finish conservation
- to find solution for legal status of the ownership
- Revitalization and presentation of the facility

 

okucnica stevana tomicaStevan Tomic's homestead
The plan is:
- Reconstruction of the homestead
- Revitalization and presentation of the facility

 

hanTurkish han
The plan is:
- marking the place where the han was
- development of the area

 

kuca joksimovicaJoksimovic's homestead
The plan is:
- Reconstruction of the homestead
- Conservation
- Revitalization and presentation of the facility

 

kacara"Kacara" Workroom for brendy
The plan is:
- Conservation
- Revitalization and presentation of the facility

 

vajat jakovljevicaJakovljevic's “Vajat”- Jakovljevic's outbuilding
The plan is:
- Reconstruction of the vajat
- Revitalization and presentation of the facility

 

vajat todorovicaTodorovic's “Vajat”- Todorovic's outbuilding
The plan is:
- Reconstruction of the vajat
- development of the area

 

mlekar matijasevicatijasevic's Milkroom
The plan is:
- РReconstruction of the milkroom
- Revitalization and presentation of the facility

 

TOMBSTONES

grob teodosija

Teodosije Maricevic
tombstone

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Luka Markovic
tombstone
son of Marko Savic

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Luka Markovic
tombstone
son of Stevan Tomic

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